The best cure is prevention. If you can keep Bed Bugs out of your home you’re ahead of the game.
Bed bugs are obligatory hematophagous (bloodsucking) insects. Most species feed on humans only when other prey are unavailable. Bed bugs are attracted to their hosts primarily by carbon dioxide, secondarily by warmth, and also by certain chemicals.
A bed bug pierces the skin of its host with two hollow feeding tubes shaped like tongues. With one tube it injects its saliva, which contains anticoagulants and anesthetics, while with the other it withdraws the blood of its host. After feeding for about five minutes, the bug returns to its hiding place. It takes between five to ten minutes for a bed bug to become completely engorged with blood.”
Although bed bugs can live for a year without feeding, they normally try to feed every five to ten days. In cold weather, bed bugs can live for about a year; at temperatures more conducive to activity and feeding, about 5 months.
I had the chance to speak with Dr. Paul Roumeliotis of the Eastern Ontario Health Unit.
Part 1 of Interview
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